Cotton acres climb, soybeans could set record

USDA is projecting record soybean planting in 2013, and the highest corn planting since 1936. Cotton acreage is down 17 percent from a year ago, but has climbed higher from spring estimates. Rice acres are projected lower, along with peanut plantings.

USDA is estimating record U.S. soybean plantings for 2013 and the highest acreage for corn in 77 years. The estimate for U.S. cotton planted acreage is down 17 percent from 2012, but is up from March 2013 estimates.

In its June 28 Acreage report, USDA estimated cotton planted area for 2013 at 10.3 million acres, 17 percent below last year. Upland area is estimated at 10 million acres, also down 17 percent from 2012. American Pima area is estimated at 226,000 acres, down 5 percent from 2012. Estimated cotton acres are up from USDA’s March 28 Prospective Plantings report, which indicated growers intended to plant 10 million acres, 19 percent below last year.

Corn planted area for all purposes in 2013 is estimated at 97.4 million acres, up slightly from last year. This represents the highest planted acreage in the United States since 1936 when an estimated 102 million acres were planted. In March, USDA pegged corn planted acreage at 97.3 million acres.

In the Mid-South, Mississippi corn acres climbed from 820,000 acres in 2012 to an estimated 950,000 acres in 2013; in Louisiana, acres rose from 540,000 acres to an estimated 750,000 acres; Arkansas, acres increased from 710,000 acres to 1 million; while in Tennessee, acres dropped from 1.04 million acres in 2012 to an estimated 950,000 acres in 2013.

Soybean planted area for 2013 is estimated at a record high 77.7 million acres, up 1 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 76.9 million acres, is up 1 percent from 2012 and will be a record high, if realized. Record high planted acreage is estimated in New York, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. In March, USDA estimated soybean planting intentions for 2013 at 77.1 million acres.

U.S. rice planted acreage was estimated at 2.47 million acres, a decrease of 229,000 acres from the 2.699 million acres planted in 2012. States with declining estimated acreage were Arkansas, from 1.175 million acres to 950,000 acres; Louisiana from 375,000 acres to 370,000 acres; Missouri, from 176,000 to 160,000; and Texas, from 132,000 acres to 127,000 acres. Mississippi rice acreage climbed from 130,000 acres to 160,000 acres. In March, U.S. rice growers reported intentions to plant to 2.611 million acres in 2013.

U.S. sorghum planting rose from 6.244 million acres in 2012 to an estimated 7.195 million acres in 2013.

Peanut acreage dropped in every producing state, dropping total U.S. estimated acreage from 1.638 million acres in 2012 to 1.097 million acres this year. In Mississippi, estimated acreage declined from 52,000 acres in 2012 to an estimated 24,000 acres in 2013.

All wheat planted area for 2013 is estimated at 56.5 million acres, up 1 percent from 2012. The 2013 winter wheat planted area, at 42.7 million acres, is 3 percent above last year and up 2 percent from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 29.4 million acres are hard red winter, 9.96 million acres are soft red winter, and 3.38 million acres are white winter.

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