Growing high-quality cotton fiber and getting paid for it is the most important issue of the day for U.S. cotton producers. But what about growing the right quality for the spinning technology used? Is this something cotton producers need think about?
Experts from several segments of the industry will take an extensive look at cotton fiber quality issues during the 2005 Beltwide Cotton Conferences at the New Orleans Marriott and Sheraton New Orleans hotels Jan. 4-7. The National Cotton Council is the primary coordinator of the conferences.
The annual Beltwide Cotton Production Conference is set for Jan. 5-6 and will begin with NCC chairman Woody Anderson's report on key industry issues.
“After that, we're going to kick off with a session on producing quality cotton, looking at world markets and markets in general,” said Dale Thompson, chief coordinator of the Beltwide Production Conferences and NCC manager, marketing and processing technology.
“We don't want to forget about our domestic customer,” Thompson stressed. “We want to make sure our cotton meets their needs. But the bottom line is that we are not only competing in a domestic market, we're competing in a world market, both for raw fiber and in manufacturing.
“We also want to make sure there is a home for all our cotton, no matter what the quality. We want to emphasize that different spinning systems need different qualities.”
The session will focus on decisions that affect quality, according to Thompson. “Given that the grower is going to make a decision about the variety, he's in effect saying that he's going after a certain market.
“From that point on, we're going to spend time on the basic production — the agronomic decisions that go into growing a field of cotton and maximizing what you have in terms of yield, properly conditioning the plant for harvest and its impact on quality.”
The session will focus on ginning practices that preserve quality, according to Thompson. “We know ginning can't increase fiber quality, but we can maximize what comes out of the gin. You want the output to meet as many uses as possible for the given quality of cotton going into the gin stands.
“We want U.S. producers to have access to the best technology available to produce cotton and to do it competitively with anybody in the world.”
Other production conference sessions will focus on tillage, weed resistance management, nematodes and managing insect pests, including plant bugs and stink bugs.
As for nematodes, “each region has its own issues,” Thompson said. “We're going to identify someone who can give us a Beltwide perspective on nematodes.”
The production conference will continue with popular grower panels, according to Thompson. “Year in and year out, producers want to know what their peers are doing across the Cotton Belt. We'll have a balanced panel representing production from the arid West through the Mid-South and Southeast. There'll be something there for everybody.
“Most of the discussion will focus on production issues, but some growers will be encouraged to discuss the economic side of cotton production, including marketing strategies. That's a universal issue for all cotton producers.”
The conferences will help U.S. cotton producers keep their competitive edge, Thompson added. “Other parts of the world are beginning to catch up with our systems, including marketing and grading.”
Thompson noted that China is going to make HVI technology available in its country, although beginning with small steps.
If China is indeed copying the U.S. classing system, “then we become the yardstick for measuring the quality of their cotton. So if they are catching up with what we're doing, we have to do an even better job in the future, if we are to maintain our marketshare.”
John Maguire, NCC senior vice president, will provide an update on Washington D.C. activities. Cotton Incorporated CEO Berrye Worsham will discuss his organization's role in achieving the competitive edge. Memphis merchant William B. Dunavant will provide marketplace insights.
The production conference has been shortened from four days to three days. This includes shortening the general session on the second day to allow for a full complement of special seminars and workshops. All 12 cotton technical conferences will be a day and half long and include poster sessions.
The Cotton Foundation Technical Exhibit will be open Jan. 5-6.
Another workshop will focus on seedling diseases. The session will cover the value of fungicide, insecticide and nematicide treatments, a description of early-season pests and management options, a comparison of seed treatments for pest management versus other management strategies and what the future holds regarding seedling diseases and their treatment.
For further information, contact the NCC's Debbie Richter, P.O. 820285, Memphis, Tenn. 38182 or 901-274-9030, fax 901-725-0510 or e-mail [email protected].
The theme of the 2005 Beltwide Production Conference is “Innovation and Application, the Competitive Edge.”