I have received a lot of comments on an article I wrote a few weeks ago about how glad I am that some choose to farm. In this article I'm including some rather lengthy quotes from one response.
“I am the proud wife of a farmer for nineteen and a half years. I will be the first to admit that I didn't have a clue about everything involved in farming until I became a farmer's wife.
“I am amazed by the number of people who I believe are happy to see farmers fail. A lot of people seem to think that all farmers do is drive around in their trucks and try to get money from the government.
“I would like to see these people follow my husband around for just one day. I would dare to say that they would change their minds quickly. Everyday is a gamble. Whether it is grain prices, weather, equipment breakdowns, disease, or any number of complications, they have to take every day as it comes and keep going.
“My husband is fortunate enough to be a third generation farmer. He has worked along with his father and grandfather since he was a teenager, and there is nothing he would rather do. He provides a good living for our family and we are very proud of his hard work and dedication.
“He works long, hard hours and sometimes the mental anguish is unbearable, but he has a great attitude and makes the best of every situation. It breaks my heart every time I hear of a farmer having to quit, because I know it would devastate my husband to have to quit.”
She took a lot of the thoughts I attempted to convey and said them much more effectively — simply because she is there.
Getting back to weed issues, there will be a significant increase in wheat acreage this year. I am receiving a few weed control questions. One is whether or not a burn-down herbicide is needed when wheat is planted no-till.
There is often the misconception that a killing frost will solve all of the existing vegetation problems. Wheat is a winter crop and the weed problems are winter weeds. I always recommend a burn-down herbicide in no-till wheat.
The weed complex will often include ryegrass. Quite often a nice flush of ryegrass will be emerged at planting time. If you kill this flush, and plant into the undisturbed seedbed, you often have a big jump on the ryegrass problem.
You do not want to skimp on glyphosate rates with ryegrass. I always recommend a minimum of 3 pints of the 4 pound-per-gallon glyphosate or equivalent. When in doubt, I will increase that a pint.
In addition to ryegrass, a lot of what I term the winter junk weeds that are usually non-competitive in conventionally planted wheat can be very competitive in no-till wheat. That is because they are often emerged at planting and get the jump on the crop.
Unless the field is just “squeaky clean,” use a burn-down herbicide. That will assure you the crop will get an even start and later emerging problems will be much easier to deal with.
The must-kill weed in wheat is ryegrass and it has to be controlled while small. For non-resistant ryegrass, Hoelon, Osprey and Axial, a new herbicide, can all be effective.
Controlling resistant ryegrass is much more difficult. Your county agent should have some good information that Bob Scott, University of Arkansas weed scientist, has put together comparing herbicides for ryegrass control. I will also include some of his information in future articles.