Ceres, Inc., has begun booking switchgrass and high-biomass sorghum seed under its Blade Energy Crops label. The launch marks the first seed sales of non-food, low-carbon crops developed specifically as raw materials for biofuels and biopower. The company simultaneously launched a Blade Web site to support direct-to-farm sales.
The company reported the first Blade products build on the inherent advantages of these efficient crops, offering double-digit biomass yield gains in many cases — a remarkable level of improvement by crop science standards, the company said. High yields are needed since widely dispersed sources of biomass are cost-prohibitive to harvest and transport.
Anna Rath, vice-president of commercial development, says that switchgrass and high-biomass sorghum can provide new options for growers, especially on underperforming acres.
While she expects the bulk of Blade seed to be sold to bioenergy companies this first year, the company has set aside seed for growers interested in gaining experience with these crops as the market for biomass develops.
“With mandates for 21 billion gallons of biofuels from non-corn sources and renewed interest in cleaner-burning alternatives to coal, energy crops could offer farm operators a sizeable opportunity. No doubt growers with experience under their belts will have a head start as bioenergy companies begin looking for larger-scale supplies of biomass, or locations to site new facilities,” Rath said.
There are various state and federal initiatives to support growers, including the Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP), which is expected to be introduced soon by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Frank Hardimon, Blade sales director, said many bioenergy producers are looking for a mix of crops to provide flexibility from year to year and to mitigate risk. “With a perennial and an annual crop in our product portfolio, we can support a broad range of geographies and production systems,” he said.
Blade seed products include two improved switchgrass seed varieties — EG 1101 and EG 1102 — and two new high-biomass sorghum hybrids — ES 5200 and ES 5201.
EG 1101 is a lowland-type switchgrass bred for greater biomass yields and better establishment. It has high biofuel conversion potential, and has shown superior conversion characteristics for biochemical and thermochemical processes.
“It may work well in a two-cut system in high rainfall areas,” said Hardimon.
A similar cultivar, EG 1102, is adapted farther north than EG 1101. Several switchgrass varieties suited to mid- and northern-latitudes are also available from Blade.
ES 5200 and ES 5201 are two high-biomass sorghum hybrids that offer high yield potential in single-cut harvest systems. Since the plants generally do not produce grain heads until very late in the season, if at all, they continue growing — and producing more biomass — until early autumn or the first killing freeze. “This offers the potential for tremendous productivity,” said Hardimon.
Blade will also have sorghum hybrids suited to multi-cut harvest systems.
Blade will also be the first major brand to package sorghum seed by count rather than weight — an industry practice that has been well-received in corn and soybeans. “This allows producers to purchase only the amount of seed they need rather than having to over-buy to cover variations in seeds per pound,” Hardimon said.
Likewise, Blade switchgrass seed will be sold as pounds of pure live seed (PLS) — rather than bulk weight — so customers will purchase only viable seeds.
Seed will begin shipping as early as January 2009, ahead of spring plantings.
Growers can find more information about these products or book seed at www.BladeEnergy.com.